In this article, we learn about PN junction diode characteristics in detail – like how to bias a PN junction (Forward & Reverse bias methods), behavior of PN junction during forward & reverse bias setups, how to plot the VI characteristics, what is reverse breakdown and many other essential concepts regarding a PN junction diode. The above experiment could also be used to investigate the variation in resistance of a thermistor as the temperature changes, and the variation in resistance of a light-dependent resistor as the light level is altered. A diode is analogous to check valve which is mainly used to carry out ON and OFF operation. What is Ohmic? We are going to learn about an experiment to find out the Zener breakdown voltage and draw the characteristics of Zener diode.Why should we do this experiment? Output Power and frequency as a function of voltage. (6) Laser diode characteristics Aim of experiment: Measuring operating characteristics for a diode laser, including threshold current, output power versus current, and slope efficiency. Apparatus:-Experimental kit and patch cords. 2. Theory: Diode lasers have been called “wonderful little devices.” They are small and efficient. In zener diode, electric current flows from both anode to cathode and cathode to anode. Circuit Theory (EE112) Uploaded by. In this section, we will examine the relationship between the voltage and the current in the diode. Problem 3.3 - … Diode characteristics, Half Wave, Full Wave rectifiers | Sanzhar Askaruly - Academia.edu Diode is an electronic device having conductor at their ends. For correct voltage regulation, we need to find out precisely what voltage should be across the Zener diode.Zener breakdown voltage should be approximately close to the desired voltage we want. I am aware that as a member of the academic community it is my responsibility to turn in all suspected violators of the honor code. DC power supply. Semiconductor Diode – Current-voltage characteristic. If you need to use your diode on another day, mark it with a piece of tape with your name and leave it in the storage cubbies in the back of the lab. So let’s begin. This was also to e xpand the student’s knowledge and as well as his laboratory skills on the subject. for silicon diode, the cut-in voltage is around 0.7. when diode conducts, there is a forward voltage drop of the order of 0.8 to 1V Reverse Biase V-I characteristic of P-N diode. Conduct the experiment for obtaining the forward bias VI characteristics of the given diode.if the cut in voltage is .3V,it is Germanium diode.If it is .6,diode … UCSI University. An ideal diode I-V characteristics. A typical representation of a diode’s IV-characteristics for both modes of operation, plotted on a linear scale, is shown in Figure 2. We will also see how the diode can work as a rectifier, which is an essential part of most DC sources that are driven by AC voltages. We will first consider the I-V characteristic of a standard diode that we can use in the classroom. Course. 11. This document is highly rated by JEE students and has been viewed 162 times. References: • EE 121 Handouts • EE 151 and EE 153 text: Cunningham and Stuller, , 2nd Ed. Diode Characteristics Prelab: You are tasked to determine experimentally the characteristic curve of a diode and to compare your data with a theoretical model of the diode response. Objective: The object of this experiment is to compare the I-V characteristics of a diode with those of a resistor.By measuring the voltage drop across the diode or resistor as the current is varied, the student will discover the relationship between the current and the voltage. Connect the CRO CH1 across the input and CH2 across resistor. Experiment No.1 Semiconductor diode characteristics Object: To study the characteristics of the forward and reverse biased junction diodes. Diode Characteristics in XY mode: Adjust CRO TIME/DIV knob in X-Y mode. Two AVOmeters. Characteristics of the Diode Lesson 2. to obtain the IV characteristics of P- N Junction diode for Forward Bias circuit. The V-I characteristics of a diode can be forward or reverse. CONCLUSION This experiment focuses on the investigation of the basic characteristics of a diode. However, there is one major difference. Apparatus: 1. (Houghton . University. However, diodes are more complicated than simple ON-OFF operation because of the non-linear behavior of current and voltage characteristics of the diode. The semiconductor diode starts conducting current after exceeding the threshold of the forward voltage value specified by the manufacturer in the data sheet. For the reverse characteristics of the given p-n junction diode, a graph is plotted with reverse voltage along X axis and reverse current along Y axis. Academic year. Breadboard, Diode and 1KΩ Resistor. When discussing about the diode circuits we should look through the graphical representation of the operation of the Zener diode. Diode I-V characteristics The I-V graph for a non-ideal diode is shown in figure 2, along with an ideal approximation to accommodate the non-zero threshold voltage. As we know, forward bias produces current through a diode and reverse bias essentially prevents current, except for a negligible reverse current. Apparatus used: Zener diode, voltmeter (0-2volt), voltmeter (0-30 volt), mili-ammeter, micro- ammeter, variable source (0-2 volt and 0-30 volt). The diode will be easier to understand if we compare the diode to another two terminal device we know (and love) the resistor. SILICON DIODE CHARACTERISTICS 1. chung chinngee. This was conducted as an introductory to Electronics laboratory and in line with some topics in lecture classes. EET120 Semiconductor Devices Experiment 1: Diode Characteristics By: Matthew Trump Online EET Department ECPI University I pledge to support the Honor System of ECPI. Square wave modulation through PIN diode. Characterizing a diode involves finding the I-V behavior of the diode for both the forward and the reverse bias modes of operation. To test the diode over a wide range of currents, different values of R2 were used. A Zener diode is a diode which allows current to flow in the forward direction in the same manner as an ideal diode, but will also permit it to flow in the reverse direction when the voltage is above a certain value known as the breakdown voltage It is called the V-I characteristics of a general p – n junction diode. While doing the experiment do not exceed the readings of the diode. Theory: The general from of the current - voltage c/cs of a diode … Unlike ordinary PN junction diode, the reverse current in Zener diode is measured using milli-ammeter due to the large flow of current. Experiment 4. L-I characteristic for diode laser at 20.3° C and varying drive current. 3. VI characteristics of zener diode Analog lab 1-2 - Diode characteristics & Design of Rectifier circuits Diode characteristics & Design of Rectifier circuits. The symbol of zener diode is similar to the normal p-n junction diode, but with bend edges on the vertical bar. When the derivation of an Figure 2. EXPERIMENT NUMBER 4 Examining the Characteristics of Diodes . The graph showing the forward bias voltage and forward current is known as the forward characteristics, and that showing the reverse bias voltage and reverse current is known as the reverse characteristics. I-V characteristics I-V characteristics were introduced in the previous page when introducing Ohm’s law. Warning: Because diodes of the same type can have significantly different characteristics, use the same diode for all experiments in this lab. Figure 2. I t is noted that at a certain reverse voltage, the reverse current reaches its maximum level. Here V z is the Zener breakdown voltage. II. Theory:-A Semiconductor diode is prepared by joining P and N sections of a semi conducting … I-V Characteristics of a Diode vs. a Resistor. EXPERIMENT: DIODE & ZENER DIODE Objective:- To study the forward and reverse bias characteristics of diode and zener diode. Purpose: This objective of this experiment is to become familiar with the properties and uses of diodes. 3. Due to heavily doped, its This current can be effectively ignored as long as the reverse breakdown voltage of the diode is not exceeded. With your lab partner, brainstorm on the following ideas: • How can you determine quantitatively the shape of the characteristic curve of a forward - biased diode? Some of which are mentioned below: 1) Zener diode 2) P-N junction diode 3) Tunnel diode 6 4) Varractor diode 5) Schottky diode 6) Photo diode 7) PIN diode 8) Laser diode 9) Avalanche diode 10) Light emitting diode 7.0.CONCLUSION In this experiment, the main objectives was fulfilled i.e. When cathode is positive with respect to anode the , the diode said to be reverse biased. V-I Characteristics 2. Diode characteristics Experiment Questions: 1.Experimently find out whether the given diode is made of Germanium or Silicon. Here's an example of a characteristic of the instrumentation affecting the accuracy of an experiment: the input resistance of the DVM (of order 10MW) is comparable to the resistance R2 (of order up to 1MW) in the circuit being measured. Reverse bias prevents current as long as the reverse-bias voltage does not equal or exceed the breakdown voltage of the junction. Experiment No. 2019/2020 ... • Obtain the I-V curves of a signal diode and a zener diode • Compare the performance of different rectifier circuits . Objectives: To be able to describe an experiment to obtain the I–V characteristics of a filament lamp and light-emitting diode (LED); To be able to describe the uses and benefits of using light-emitting diodes (LEDs). I will refrain from any form of academic dishonesty or deception, such as cheating or plagiarism. EQUIPMENTS Gunn oscillator, Gunn power supply, PIN modulator, Isolator, Frequency meter, Variable They are graphical characteristics showing how […] This process is used for rectification where AC signal is converted to DC signal. Jan 02, 2021 - Theory & Procedure, Diode Characteristics Class 12 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of JEE. The graph below shows the current-voltage characteristic of the semiconductor diode.This is a typical characteristic for semiconductor diodes used in electronics (V F = 0,7V). 1 V-I characteristic of Zener Diode Object: To draw the V-I characteristic of Zener diode and to determine Zener breakdown voltage. Experiment-5 Study of I-V Characteristics of Gunn Diodes OBJECTIVES 1. Theory: Zener Diode: Zener diode is a heavily doped PN junction diode. When a diode is reverse biased a leakage current flows through the device. The junction voltage vs. current characteristic of an LED is similar to the V-I characteristics of diodes. This diode model most accurately represents the true operating characteristics of the real diode. Diode Characteristics Physics Kids Projects, Physics Science Fair Project, Pyhsical Science, Astrology, Planets Solar Experiments for Kids and also Organics Physics Science ideas for CBSE, ICSE, GCSE, Middleschool, Elementary School for 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th and High School Students. Full Wave Rectifier Name: Sanzhar Askaruly ID: 201100549 Date: 17/09/2014 Introduction Diode is an electronic device having conductor at their ends. # Characteristics of a Zener Diode The above diagram shows the V-I characteristics of the Zener diode behavior. The knee voltage of a diode is related to the barrier potential of the material used in the device. When you take your measurements for this experiment, you will find the response of your diode for both the forward and the reverse bias modes of operation. Give the input as triangular voltage waveform from Function Generator. 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