[116][n 3], Between 1910 and 1914, Nansen participated in several oceanographic voyages. He married twice, the second time to Adelaide Johanne Thekla Isidore Bølling Wedel-Jarlsberg from Bærum, a niece of Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg who had helped frame the Norwegian constitution of 1814 and was later the Swedish king's Norwegian Viceroy. [109] Nansen was popular in England, and got on well with King Edward, though he found court functions and diplomatic duties disagreeable; "frivolous and boring" was his description. FRIDTJOF NANSEN AND THE ARMENIANS By Karine Abalyan ... Fram, the famous vessel constructed for the journey, drifted off course and the crew did not make it to the North Pole. His family had moved to Norway from Denmark around 100 years before and were noted and sometimes famous as magistrates and lawyers. He led the team that made the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, traversing the island on cross-country skis. [102] This was held on 13 August 1905 and resulted in an overwhelming vote for independence, at which point King Oscar relinquished the crown of Norway while retaining the Swedish throne. At the request of the Royal Geographical Society, Nansen began work on a study of Arctic discoveries, which developed into a two-volume history of the exploration of the northern regions up to the beginning of the 16th century. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (Norwegian: [ˈfɾɪ̂tːjɔf ˈnɑ̀nsn̩]; 10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian polymath and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. The party reached Umivik Bay on 11 August, after covering 200 kilometres (120 mi). [150], Nansen's League of Nations commitments through the 1920s meant that he was mostly absent from Norway, and was able to devote little time to scientific work. [118] That year he renewed an acquaintance with Kathleen Scott, wife of Robert Falcon Scott whose Terra Nova Expedition had sailed for Antarctica in 1910. A second referendum, held in November, determined that the new independent state should be a monarchy rather than a republic. Featuring Hurtigruten's revolutionary, battery-powered, hybrid propulsion system, MS Fridtjof Nansen will be a near identical twin to her sister ship MS Roald Amundsen. [113], In 1909 Nansen combined with Bjørn Helland-Hansen to publish an academic paper, The Norwegian Sea: its Physical Oceanography, based on the Michael Sars voyage of 1900. He left before knowing the outcome of this process. But never one to give up, Nansen continued on skis and traveled farther north than anyone before him, setting a new record and again earning a hero's welcome in Norway. He was given a non-religious state funeral before cremation, after which his ashes were laid under a tree at Polhøgda. A daughter, Liv, had been born just before Fram set out; a son, Kåre was born in 1897 followed by a daughter, Irmelin, in 1900 and a second son Odd in 1901. [3] Baldur and Adelaide settled at Store Frøen, an estate at Aker, a few kilometres north of Norway's capital city, Christiania (since renamed Oslo). [143], After visiting the region, Nansen presented the Assembly with a modest plan for the irrigation of 360 square kilometres (140 sq mi) on which 15,000 refugees could be settled. "[73] Whether this still-distant land was Franz Josef Land or a new discovery they did not know—they had only a rough sketch map to guide them. A long trail, a hard trail, maybe; but the call comes to us, and we have to go. Fridtjof Nansen didn’t become as world famous as some of the polar explorers who came after him. And also Fridtjof Nansen is Norwegian Explorer. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. [12] However, he began to develop the idea that the Greenland icecap might be explored, or even crossed. "[89], During the 20 years following his return from the Arctic, Nansen devoted most of his energies to scientific work. As they moved southwards, Nansen tentatively identified a headland as Cape Felder on the western edge of Franz Josef Land. They restarted the watches based on Nansen's guess they were at 86°E. It occurred to him that it ought to be possible to cross it, and gradually he developed a plan, which he announced in 1887. [86], The homeward voyage to Christiania was a series of triumphant receptions at every port. Ernest Shackleton tried to cross Antarctica and failed, but he boldly rescued his crew and became a hero. [164], In his lifetime and thereafter, Nansen received honours and recognition from many countries. Although they were still far south of his intended starting place; the season was becoming too advanced. People born on October 10 fall under the Zodiac sign of Libra, the Scales. Towards the end of August, as the weather grew colder and travel became increasingly difficult, Nansen decided to camp for the winter. The results were eventually published in six volumes, and according to a later polar scientist, Robert Rudmose-Brown, "were to Arctic oceanography what the Challenger expedition results had been to the oceanography of other oceans. Having collected evidence showing that the ice of the polar sea drifted from Siberia toward Spitsbergen, he proposed to build a ship of such a shape that it would be lifted but not crushed when caught by the ice. Der Namensgeber der Gronauer Realschule war vielen Menschen lange kein Begriff. "[35] The team accomplished their crossing in 49 days. MS Fridtjof Nansen features three restaurants, with menus drawn from the brands rich Norwegian and Nordic tradition. [162][163], Nansen died of a heart attack on 13 May 1930. He was famous for the innovation and development of arctic expeditions and the first one to crossing Greenland on cross-country skees between 1893 and 1896. A party setting out from the inhabited west coast would, he reasoned, have to make a return trip, as no ship could be certain of reaching the dangerous east coast and picking them up. Distressed, Baldur Nansen sold the Store Frøen property and moved with his two sons to Christiania. Heavy pack ice was sighted ten days later at around latitude 78°N, as Fram approached the area in which USS Jeannette was crushed. [159], In between his various duties and responsibilities, Nansen had continued to take skiing holidays when he could. He became an accomplished skier and a highly proficient skater. Fridtjof Nansen estimated net worth in 2018 is Under Review.Here we also added Fridtjof Nansen previous years Net Worth, Income, Salary & Property details. After a week of travel, a sextant observation indicated they averaged nine nautical miles (17 km; 10 mi) per day, which put them ahead of schedule. In 1922, the Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen became the first High Commissioner for Refugees appointed by the League of Nations. Ab 2019 … Fridtjof Nansen Wiki 2020, Height, Age, Net Worth 2020, Family - Find facts and details about Fridtjof Nansen on wikiFame.org [149] He supported a settlement of the post-war reparations issue and championed Germany's membership of the League, which was granted in September 1926 after intensive preparatory work by Nansen. The project was eventually launched with a donation from a Danish businessman, Augustin Gamél; the rest came mainly from small contributions from Nansen's countrymen, through a fundraising effort organised by students at the university. [9], In 1880 Nansen passed his university entrance examination, the examen artium. [145] The book was translated into many languages. [108] However, he was able to pursue his geographical and scientific interests through contacts with the Royal Geographical Society and other learned bodies. 3 likes. [165] Among the many tributes paid to him subsequently was that of Lord Robert Cecil, a fellow League of Nations delegate, who spoke of the range of Nansen's work, done with no regard for his own interests or health: "Every good cause had his support. After the end of the World War I, Nansen was appointed the High Commissioner for Refugees of the League of Nations. He led the team that made the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, traversing the island on cross-country skis. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (Norwegian: [ˈfɾɪ̂tːjɔf ˈnɑ̀nsn̩]; 10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.He led the team that made the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, traversing the island on cross-country skis. Nansen recorded their latitude as 86°13′6″N—almost three degrees beyond the previous record—and decided to turn around and head back south.[68]. Nansen decided they needed to begin the crossing. Fridtjof Nansen was born in Aker just outside Christiania (now called Oslo). With the coast still 20 kilometres (12 mi) away, Nansen decided to launch the small boats. She will explore some of the most spectacular corners of the globe. Progress was impeded by fog and ice conditions in the mainly uncharted seas.[53]. [38], Nansen accepted the position of curator of the Royal Frederick University's zoology collection, a post which carried a salary but involved no duties; the university was satisfied by the association with the explorer's name. Omissions? Fridtjof Nansen’s appetite for scientific discovery left a mark that inspires a wide range of academic disciplines, right up to the present day. Director, Norwegian Polar Research Institute, Oslo, 1948–57. In addition, he saved the lives of countless thousands through his humanitarian work after the first World War. [75], It soon became clear this land was part of an archipelago. Both had set out from Disko Bay on the western coast, and had travelled about 160 kilometres (100 mi) eastward before turning back. There were fears in Norway that should the Marxist-oriented Labour Party gain power it would introduce a revolutionary programme. The crew also experienced the dead water phenomenon, where a ship's forward progress is impeded by friction caused by a layer of fresh water lying on top of heavier salt water. "[11] Professor Robert Collett of the university's zoology department proposed that Nansen take a sea voyage, to study Arctic zoology at first hand. He ended: We all have a Land of Beyond to seek in our life—what more can we ask? Throughout the journey, they maintained meteorological and geographical and other records relating to the previously unexplored interior. Resisting the pleas of, among others, King Edward that he should remain in London, on 15 November Nansen resigned his post. [143], On 17 January 1919 Nansen married Sigrun Munthe, a long-time friend with whom he had had a love affair in 1905, while Eva was still alive. [65] However, uneven surfaces made skiing more difficult, and their speeds slowed. [112], In 1905, he had supplied the Swedish physicist Walfrid Ekman with the data which established the principle in oceanography known as the Ekman spiral. [153] Two years later Nansen broadcast a memorial oration to Amundsen, who had disappeared in the Arctic while organising a rescue party for Nobile whose airship had crashed during a second polar voyage. [173], Numerous geographical features bear his name: the Nansen Basin and the Nansen-Gakkel Ridge in the Arctic Ocean;[174] Mount Nansen in the Yukon region of Canada;[175] Mount Nansen,[176] Mount Fridtjof Nansen[177] and Nansen Island,[178] all in Antarctica; as well as Nansen Island in the Kara Sea, Nansen Land in Greenland and Nansen Island in Franz Josef Land; 853 Nansenia, an asteroid;[179] Nansen[180] crater at the Moon's north pole and Nansen[181] crater on Mars. [41], Nansen first began to consider the possibility of reaching the North Pole after reading meteorologist Henrik Mohn's theory on polar drift in 1884. "[147] He believed that the extent of the League's success in reducing armaments would be the greatest test of its credibility. [127] As the war progressed, the loss of Norway's overseas trade led to acute shortages of food in the country, which became critical in April 1917, when the United States entered the war and placed extra restrictions on international trade. Weather and sea conditions prevented them from reaching the shore. He was explorer, author, athlete, oceanographer, statesman, and laureate of the Nobel Pece Prize. [15] Nansen's chosen area of study was the then relatively unexplored field of neuroanatomy, specifically the central nervous system of lower marine creatures. All five ships are named after Norwegian explorers. Fridtjof Nansen, an adventurer turned Norwegian diplomat, created the document after becoming the League of Nation’s first High Commissioner … He went to investigate, and a few minutes later saw the figure of a man approaching. His mother Adelaide … [131], In April 1920, at the League's request, Nansen began organising the repatriation of around half a million prisoners of war, stranded in various parts of the world. People worshipped this new hero from the icy wastes. In 1897 he accepted a professorship in zoology at the Royal Frederick University,[90] which gave him a base from which he could tackle the major task of editing the reports of the scientific results of the Fram expedition. #Greed #Political #Population “Never keep a line of retreat: it is a wretched invention.”-- Fridtjof Nansen . #Fall #Fighting #Love Is The design of the Fridtjof Nansen class is based on the Spanish Alvaro de Bazan class. [4][5], Store Frøen's rural surroundings shaped the nature of Nansen's childhood. In the short summers the main activities were swimming and fishing, while in the autumn the chief pastime was hunting for game in the forests. The voyage began on 11 March 1882 and extended over the following five months. In the final decade of his life, Nansen devoted himself primarily to the League of Nations, following his appointment in 1921 as the League's High Commissioner for Refugees. Despite this failure, his reputation among the Armenian people remains high. A biographical narrative of the Norwegian explorer and humanitarian, Fridtjof Nansen studies a purposeful life of scientific learning and exploration, political travails, and humanitarian devotion. [72], The day after leaving this camp, Nansen recorded: "At last the marvel has come to pass—land, land, and after we had almost given up our belief in it! [157] He was the headline speaker at the single largest Fatherland League rally with 15,000 attendees in Tønsberg in 1928. The Fram also reached Norway safely, having drifted north to 85°57′. Before leaving for his sabbatical in February 1886 he published a paper summarising his research to date, in which he stated that "anastomoses or unions between the different ganglion cells" could not be demonstrated with certainty. [66] He confided in his diary: "I have become more and more convinced we ought to turn before time. 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